Possible Benzodiazepine Withdrawal Side Effects 

 

Please rest assured that nobody will have this vast list. I'm including it for reassurance if you have a strange symptom that may be worrying you. Always consult a doctor if you have any concerns.

 

 

A

Aphasia (mild or moderate "speechlessness" --a disturbance of the comprehension and formulation of language caused by dysfunction in specific brain regions.)

• Adrenaline rushes (benzodiazepines also alter the precisely balanced adrenaline reflex, which normally responds to danger signals resulting in blood being pumped into the right place at the right time to produce the flight-or-fight response. The effect of benzodiazepines is to throw this delicate mechanism into confusion producing inappropriate bursts of adrenaline resulting in panic attacks and fear of what this perceived sensation of panic means.)

• Aggression

• Anxiety

• Agoraphobia (anxiety in situations where the sufferer perceives certain environments as dangerous or uncomfortable, often due to the environment's vast openness or crowdedness…quite often leading to isolating oneself.)

• Apathy (lack of motivation, lack of interest in self or others, emotionally flat, socially withdrawn)

• Ataxia (lack of voluntary coordination of muscle movements)

• Akathisia (sensations of inner restlessness that manifests itself with an inability to sit still or remain motionless)

• Allergic reactions

• Abnormal behavior

• Apnea (night)

• Autophobia (Fear of being alone or of oneself)

• Anti-social behavior

• Appetite changes

• Abdominal cramps

• Aches and pains throughout body

• Agitation and antsy feelings

• Acid reflux

B

• Breathlessness

• Back pain

• Blepharospasm (from slight eye twitching to severe where eyes are nearly closed)

• Breast pain and/or enlargement

• Brain Fog (or mental fog – feeling of cloudiness in consciousness)

• Blurred vision, seeing spots, flashes, vivid vision

• Balance problems

• “Benzo belly” (distension, bloat, pot belly, abnormally large, looking “pregnant.”)

• Bloat

• Bradycardia (slow heartbeat/pulse)

• Blood disorders (resulting in severe tiredness and possible infections)

• Bruxism (teeth grinding)

• Blood pressure fluctuations

• Body temperature fluctuations

• Brain motion (feeling of the brain moving inside head)

• Bladder incontinence

• Burning sensations (any part of the body and on the skin)

C

• Catatonia (which may result in death – this is with abrupt or over-rapid discontinuation)

• Choking/ Cough (dry, tickly)

• Constipation

• Convulsions (muscular usually, or seizures)

• Chest Pain or tightness

• Crying spells (feeling weepy at times without being able to identify a specific trigger, inability to stop crying)

• Confidence loss

• Confusion (simple tasks are difficult, unable to decipher directions or follow simple instructions)

• Cravings (food)

• Cognitive impairment

• Chills 

• Claustrophobia (fear of having no escape and being closed in small spaces or rooms) 

• Concentration loss (inability to focus attention and/or acquire new information

• Chemical sensitivities)

• Creaking joints (creaking with movement, ‘cracking’ sound in neck, arms, back, hips)

• Crawling sensation on skin (feeling as if insects are crawling all over the body)

D

• Dental pain

• Depersonalization (is an anomaly of self-awareness. It consists of a feeling of watching oneself act, while having no control over a situation. Subjects feel they have changed, and the world has become vague, dreamlike, less real, or lacking in significance. It can be a disturbing experience, since many feel that, indeed, they are living in a "dream.")

 • Depression

• Derealization (an alteration in the perception or experience of the external world so that it seems unreal. Other symptoms include feeling as though one's environment is lacking in spontaneity, emotional coloring and depth.) 

• Diarrhea 

• Dry, itchy skin

• Dysphoria (inability to feel pleasure or happiness)

• Dehydration 

• Driving phobia (no actual official term, only for those of passengers in cars - Amaxophobia)

• Dysphagia (difficulty in swallowing)

• Dry eyes

• Delirium tremens (also referred to as The DTs, "the horrors", or "the shakes")

• Diplopia (commonly known as double vision, is the simultaneous perception of two images of a single object that may be displaced horizontally, vertically, or diagonally)

• Dizziness

   Disassociation disorder

• Dyspnea (breathing difficulty)

• Daytime drowsiness

• Dreams (very vivid and disturbing, often preying upon fears)

 • Dry mouth

• Delayed reactions (physical or in speech)

E

• Electric shock sensations throughout body

 • Excitability

 • Ear aches/pains

 • Ears feeling plugged

 • Emotional blunting or anaesthesia (inability to feel emotions whether positive or negative, not connected to authentic feelings)

 • Eye pain

 • Eye floaters/double vision/glazed/glassy

 • Eye burning

 • Eye bulging sensation

 • Exhaustion

 • Epileptic-like movements

 F

• Fasciculation ("muscle twitch," is a small, local, involuntary muscle contraction and relaxation which may be visible under the skin.)

 • Formication (sensation that exactly resembles that of small insects crawling on, or under the skin.

• Fear 

• Fearlessness

• Fits (emotional)

• Fluish (feel as if getting flu with aches, joint/muscle pain, feverish, stuffy nose)

• False beliefs

• Fibrositis (Inflammatory hyperplasia of white fibrous connective tissue, especially surrounding the muscles and causing pain and stiffness.)

• Fatigue

• Flashbacks

• Fever

• Forgetfulness

• Face pain

• Facial numbness (face numb/tingling, forehead numb, no feeling in one side of face, no feeling in both sides of face)

• False sensations of moving (perception distortion -- feel as if body is moving or chair or bed)

• Fatality (from seizures, suicide, other…)

 G

• Gastritis

• Gait disturbance (the ground seems to move underfoot)

• Glassy eyes (glazed and shiny)

 H

• Head pressure/sensations

• Headache

• Heart palpitations (irregular beats, thumping, beating loudly, feels as if jumping out of chest cavity)

• Hyperacusis (over-sensitivity to certain frequency and volume ranges of sound. With severe hyperacusis has difficulty tolerating everyday sounds, some of which may seem unpleasantly or painfully loud to that person but not to others) 

• Hyperprexia (overheating)

• Hyperventilation (overbreathing)

• Hyperosmia (sensitivity to smell)

• Hypersensitivity to stimuli

• Hair loss, breakage or change in texture

• Heartburn

• Hallucinations (hypnotic or Hypnagogia when falling asleep, peripheral. Visual, auditory, olfactory/smell, tactile)

• Hostility

• Hyperactivity

• Hyperreflexia (‘jumpiness’)

• Hyperthermia (elevated body temperature)

• Hypertention (high blood pressure)

• Hearing impairment

• Hot and cold spells or flashes

• Heaviness (part of the body, especially limbs, feel extremely heavy, body feels like ‘lead’)

• Hormonal imbalances (including non-menopausal hot flashes, severe pre-menstrual tension)

• Hypochondriasis or hypochondria (excessive preoccupancy or worry about having a serious illness other than withdrawal symptoms)

I

• Inner trembling/Shaking/Vibrating (perception distortion -- feeling of body trembling or vibrating ‘on the inside’)

• Intrusive thoughts and memories

• Insomnia

• Irritability (very low tolerance levels, easily irritated)

• Impotence

• Indecisiveness

• IBS (Irritable Bowel Syndrome)

• Impending doom (the overwhelming fear something terrible is going to happen, even death)

 • Incontinence

 • Inappropriate reactions

J

• Jaw pain

• Joint pain and stiffness (as if arthritic)

• Jaundice

• “Jelly legs” (legs feel weak and rubbery as if about to give way)

 K

• Kakosmia (or cacosmia-- a sensation of bad smell not related to a specific odor, or associated with olfactory stimuli usually considered to be pleasant.)

L

• Libidinal changes

• Leukonychea (whitening of nails)

• Loss of touch with reality

• Light hypersensitivity (everything seems intensely and unbearably bright, feeling the need to wear sunglasses even inside, unable to look at computer screen)

 M 

• Metallic taste (mouth has a metallic taste, gustatory distortion)

• Muscular cramps

• Muscular rigidity (muscles all over feel extremely stiff, inability to move agilely)

• Muscular spasms

• Muscular (and bone) weakness

• Menstrual irregularity PMT and dysmenorrhea (cycle changes and becomes irregular, painful periods, intense pre-menstrual tension)

• Myoclonic convulsions (muscle/nerve spasms)

• Malabsorption (usually the inability to absorb certain sugars, fats, proteins, or vitamins from food. It can also involve a general malabsorption of food.)

• Memory impairment (or loss short-term memory loss, ‘gaps in memory’ where unable to recall specific events, memory lapses)

• Monophobia

• Mucus in throat

• Mania (racing thoughts)

• Muscle wasting

• Migraines

• Mood swings (extreme and rapid changes in moods, one minute feeling optimistic then very low and depressed)

• Motor co-ordination impairment

• Moving sensations (false perceptions of body moving) 

N

• Nausea

• Nightmares

• Night terrors

• Night sweats

• Neck and shoulder pain

• Nose bleeds

• Nervousness

• Negative thoughts

• Neurological problems

• Night apnea

 O

• Obsessions and obsessive, unwanted thoughts

• OCD

• Oesophagitis (inflammation of the esophagus; often caused by gastroesophageal reflux)

• Oedema/water retention (especially of ankles and face)

• Over-breathing (breathing faster and deeper than necessary, hyperventilating)

 P

• Panic attacks

• Perceptual disturbances and distortions

• Psychosis (abnormal condition of the mind, and is a generic psychiatric term for a mental state often described as involving a "loss of contact with reality")

• Perspiring

• Personality changes

• Paresthesia (numbing, burning and tingling; pins and needles)

• Paranoia

• Poor judgment

• Phobias

• Perceived persecution

• Photophobia (abnormal intolerance to visual perception of light)

 R

• Restlessness

• Restless Leg Syndrome (Akathesia)

• REM sleep rebound (lengthening and increasing frequency and depth of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep which occurs after periods of sleep deprivation. When people have been prevented from experiencing REM, they take less time than usual to attain the REM state)

• Runny nose

 • Rage

• Racing thoughts

 • Rashes, blotches

• Reading/Comprehension problems (difficulty reading or understanding even simple instructions)

 S

• Seizures

• Sensory disruption

• Scalp and forehead burning/itching

• Sore tongue

• Sweating

• Sinusitis (an inflammation, or swelling, of the tissue lining the sinuses)

• Stomach cramps

• Spine (burning sensation)

• Skin insensitivity

• Skin smells

• Speech difficulty

• Skin pain/burn to the touch

• Shivering, feelings of extreme cold or hot

• Suicidal thoughts

• Sleep disturbances

• Slurred speech

• Salivation changes

• Soft tissue pain (thighs and other fleshy areas of body hurt) 

T

• Tinnitus (ringing in ears)

• Tremors

• Thrush-like symptoms

• Tiny pupils

• Tension

• Taste sensitivity

• Thirst

• Teeth/gum/mouth pain (nerves in teeth hurt, gum hurts, all teeth in mouth hurt)

• Tightness in Chest

• Thyroid disturbances

• Temperature fluctuations (in body temperature)

• Twitching/Tics (muscles in different areas of body twitch, involuntary movements, vocal tics)

• Tachycardia (a heart rate that exceeds the normal range)

• Terror

 U

• Urinary problems (bladder either 'all on' or 'all off')

• Urges to Urinate

• Urges to shout, throw, break things or harm someone

 V

• Vomiting

• Vertigo

• Visual disturbances (blurred, double, vivid)

• Visual perception distortion (seeing ‘things’, inanimate objects appear to be moving, people and objects appear flat, one-dimensional and paper-like.)

 • Vasovagal attacks (a malaise mediated by the vagus nerve. When it leads to syncope or "fainting", it is called a vasovagal syncope, which is the most common type of fainting)

• Vibrations (feelings throughout the body)

• Violent thoughts

 W

• Weakness

• Weight gain

• Weight loss

• Water retention/Oedema (fluid in body tissues, swollen feet, puffiness)

• Weepiness (spontaneous crying spells without being able to identify a specific trigger, uncontrollable crying)

X

• Xeroderma (dry skin)

 Z

• Zaps (electric shock sensations, feeling as if shocked, shocks running through body)